UK job losses: a list of companies axing staff during coronavirus

Below is a list of the companies that have axed jobs in the UK since the coronavirus crisis. In total, nearly 300,000 British jobs have been lost or are at risk so far and counting,

Antler – 164 jobs Luggage retailer Antler fell into administration in May, cutting 164 UK jobs of a 199-strong workforce. Administrators said Antler had been “profoundly impacted” by the coronavirus pandemic.

Accenture – 900 jobs Consultancy firm Accenture is planning to cut up to 900 jobs in the UK as the firm tries to cut costs to deal with the fallout from coronavirus.

Accenture is a US firm headquartered in New York, but it employs more than 10,000 people in the UK.

Addison Lee – 422 jobs Private taxi firm Addison Lee has started laying off staff after the coronavirus downturn forced it to speed up its efforts to slash costs.

The firm has axed 422 people from its premium chauffeur service Tristar, documents show, and is considering further cuts to the parent company's backroom staff, according to an industry source.

Airbus – 1,700 jobs Airbus is to cut 15,000 jobs globally as the plane-maker slashes staff numbers to match the collapse in demand for new aircraft. Of these jobs, some 1,700 will go in the UK.

Guillaume Faury, Airbus chief executive, said: “Airbus is facing the gravest crisis this industry has ever experienced.”

Alexander Dennis – 650 jobs Alexander Dennis Limited (ADL), Britain’s largest bus maker, announced that the significant decline in UK demand for new buses and coaches had forced it to initiate a restructuring programme which places up to 650 jobs at risk.

Arcadia – 500 jobs Sir Philip Green’s retail empire Arcadia is slashing 500 roles from its 2,500-strong head office workforce to help it weather the Covid storm.

Arsenal FC – 55 jobs Arsenal announced plans to make 55 members of staff redundant due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

Aston Martin – 500 jobs Aston Martin is preparing to cut 500 jobs as the carmaker restructures under its new management.

Azzurri Group – 1,200 jobs Up to 1,200 jobs are set to be lost after Azzuri Group, owner of the chains Zizzi and Ask Italian, said it would not reopen about 75 restaurants following the coronavirus pandemic.

BBC – 520 jobs The BBC is to cut 520 jobs across its English regional TV news and current affairs, local radio and online news.

The broadcaster said it would cut roughly 15pc of its BBC England team, as it seeks to bolster its balance sheet amid the coronavirus crisis.

Bentley Motors – 1,000 jobs Bentley Motors is seeking to lay off up to 1,000 staff – almost a quarter of its workforce – through a voluntary redundancy programme in return for a severance payment.

Boeing - 26,000 jobs (globally) UK engineering giant Boeing, heavily disrupted by the devastation wrought across the aviation sector, announced plans to make 7,000 more job cuts after counting a $3.5bn (£2.7bn) loss for the three months to the end of September.

That brings its total number of redundancies to a staggering 26,000 by the end of 2021 after announcing 19,000 job losses over summer.

The engineering giant has already suffered a blow from the grounding of its flawed 737 Max model, with the jet still not ready to fly after two fatal crashes.

Bombardier – 2,500 jobs Bombardier is to axe 2,500 jobs as the aerospace industry reels from a collapse in flights worldwide. Hundreds of roles are thought to be at risk in Northern Ireland, where Bombardier has 3,500 staff and is the country’s largest manufacturer, however the Canada-based company said the majority of redundancies will be in its home nation.

Boots – 4,000 jobs High street pharmacy chain Boots has said it plans to cut more than 4,000 UK jobs in a bid to mitigate the “significant impact” of Covid-19. It plans to restructure its head office and store teams and close 48 Boots Opticians stores.

BP – 10,000 jobs (globally) BP will dispense with more than 10,000 jobs this year as low oil prices bite and the energy titan accelerates its switch to green power.

Bernard Looney, the company’s chief executive, told staff that 15pc of the firm’s global workforce is to be laid off following a collapse in the oil price that has left the industry reeling. How many of these roles are in the UK is unknown.

BrightHouse – 2,400 jobs In March, BrightHouse, the UK’s biggest rent-to-own retailer, collapsed into administration, placing 2,400 jobs at risk of redundancy.

British Airways – up to 12,000 British Airways is to shed as many as 12,000 jobs after plunging to its worst ever quarterly loss and admitting air travel will take years to recover from a global collapse.

Irish airline Aer Lingus, which is also part of IAG, along with BA and Iberia, has been forced to cut 900 jobs.

BA said there is little point continuing to furlough staff with a full recovery years away

Burberry – 500 jobs (globally) Burberry has said it will streamline front-office and certain retail functions to cut costs, including the loss of 500 jobs worldwide, after global lockdowns caused sales to fall by almost half in the latest three months.

Burger King – 1,600 jobs The boss of Burger King UK has warned that the economic damage triggered by the coronavirus pandemic may push the fast food chain to permanently shut up to 10pc of its restaurants, resulting in the cutting of 1,600 jobs.

Buzz Bingo – 573 jobs Nottingham-based Buzz Bingo announced the permanent closure of 26 sites, putting 573 jobs at risk. It said it had taken the decision due to an "unsustainable operating environment for the foreseeable future".

Buzzfeed – unknown In May, BuzzFeed closed its news operations in the UK and Australia as part of further cutbacks aimed at minimising losses amid a massive drop in advertising revenues. Ten staff in Britain and four in Australia have been furloughed and their future remains unclear.

Byron – 1,200 jobs Burger chain Byron is poised to fall into administration as it races to find a buyer who can stave off a collapse, with 1,200 UK jobs cuts likely. Byron is one of many casual dining chains to fall on hard times during the coronavirus pandemic after struggling to obtain financial support through the Treasury’s emergency loan schemes.

Cameron Mackintosh – 850 jobs Redundancies at theatre companies owned by the leading west end producer Sir Cameron Mackintosh are set to total more than 850.

Carnival – 450 jobs Cruise giant Carnival UK has announced plans to make a “large number of redundancies” in Southampton as it grapples with the havoc the coronavirus outbreak is wreaking on the travel industry.

The company employs approximately 1,100 people in and around Southampton. Although Carnival declined to reveal the number of people who may lose their jobs, local media have reported that 450 roles are under scrutiny.

Casual Dining Group – 1,900 jobs More than 1,900 jobs have been lost after the owner of Café Rouge and Bella Italia fell into administration leading to the permanent closure of 91 restaurants.

Cath Kidston – 900 jobs More than 900 staff at Cath Kidston lost their jobs after the retailer said in April that it was closing all 60 UK stores.

Chief executive Melinda Paraie said: “Despite our very best efforts, against the backdrop of Covid-19, we were unable to secure a solvent sale of the business which would have allowed us to avoid administration and carry on trading in our current form.”

A closed Cath Kidston store Cath Kidston will close all of its UK stores CREDIT: Jane Barlow /PA Celtic Manor Resort – 450 jobs The Celtic Manor Resort and the International Convention Centre Wales will make 450 workers redundant due to the “catastrophic effect” of the coronavirus pandemic.

Centrica – 5,000 jobs In June, British Gas owner Centrica announced the loss of 5,000 jobs at the energy giant this year. More than half of the job losses will come from the business’s leadership roles, as Centrica revealed it would strip out three layers of middle managers, in a bid to cut bureaucracy.

Clarks – 900 jobs Shoe chain Clarks is preparing to slash 900 corporate roles, which will be partially offset by the creation of 200 new jobs.

Co-op Bank – 350 jobs The Co-operative Bank has announced it will axe about 350 jobs, including head office and middle management roles, as well as close 18 branches. The branches being cut include its outpost in the City of London, where footfall has plummeted due to finance workers continuing to work from home. However the decision to close the branch was based on footfall in 2019, the bank said.

Costa Coffee – 1,650 jobs Around 1,650 Costa Coffee baristas are facing redundancy after the cafe chain said it did not know when trading might return to pre-coronavirus levels. The cuts are equal to more than 10pc of its workforce.

Daily Mail and General Trust (DMGT) – 100 jobs The publisher of the Daily Mail and Mail on Sunday is to axe up to 100 jobs in the latest blow to the newspaper industry. Daily Mail and General Trust (DMGT), which also owns MailOnline, Metro and the i, has begun consulting with staff over cuts to both editorial and commercial roles in its publishing division.

Debenhams – 2,500 Debenhams is poised to cut another 2,500 jobs as the ailing department store chain continues to cull roles across the business. Although it has reopened 124 stores and was selling more clothes than expected since lockdown, Debenhams said its costs were still too high. The move comes just months after the retailer cut hundreds of jobs at its headquarters, where it employed about 3,000 staff.

Deutsche Bank – unknown Deutsche Bank, one of the City’s largest employers, said it was ploughing ahead with its plans to cut 18,000 jobs despite the coronavirus pandemic. Half of these cuts will be in Germany, and it is not known how many will fall in the UK.

DFS – 200 jobs Retailer DFS Furniture warned it may axe up to 200 jobs across its Sofa Workshop and Dwell chains.

DHL – 2,200 jobs German courier service DHL has announced that it will be slashing up to 2,200 jobs in its UK division which is responsible for doing logistics for Jaguar Land Rover. According to the Unite union, two in five of the entire workforce employed by DHL on the JLR logistics contract face redundancy, across full-time, salaried and agency staff on the contract. The cuts are expected to affect workers at the Solihull and Castle Bromwich car plants.

Dixons Carphone – 800 jobs The Currys PC World owner has announced it will slash 800 jobs in a bid to weather the pandemic. The retailer is taking aim at 800 store manager roles to slim down the business. The move comes just four months after it said all its 531 standalone Carphone Warehouse shops would shut.

DW Sports – 1,700 jobs Fitness chain DW Sports has called in administrators after being starved of income during the coronavirus lockdown, putting 1,700 jobs under threat.

Dyson – 600 jobs Dyson is to shed 900 jobs due to the effects of the coronavirus pandemic. About 600 of the company’s 4,000 staff in the UK – roughly 15pc of the workforce – stand to lose their jobs. But of the engineering firm’s 10,000 non-UK employees, only 3pc will be affected by the job cuts.

EasyJet – 1,900 jobs EasyJet is axing 1,900 jobs in the UK, including 727 pilots and 1,200 cabin staff. The FTSE 250 company is pushing the cuts through as part of plans to lay off nearly one in three of its 15,000 workers.

Ryanair has also warned it may cut 3,000 jobs as it wrestles with the devastating impact of coronavirus, however most of these will be in Ireland.

Economist Group – unknown The Economist Group announced in May that it was laying off 90 employees, around 7pc of its total workforce, to address the drop in revenues caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. It is not known how many are in the UK.

Emirates - unknown A leaked email seen by The Telegraph showed bosses at Emirates told their 600-strong British staff that it had to “consider reducing the size of the UK workforce”.

Evening Standard – 115 jobs The Evening Standard is to cut 115 jobs, a third of its staff, as the London newspaper seeks to cut costs to survive the coronavirus pandemic, which has hit its advertising revenues.

G4S – 1,000 jobs British multinational security services company G4S is planning to cut around 1,000 jobs from its struggling cash-handling business. The G4S branch has been harmed by the recent trend away from using notes and coins, which has accelerated during the coronavirus pandemic.

The Gambling Commission – 332 jobs The Gambling Commission announced in August that it would be moving ahead with plans to cut jobs as part of wider cost saving measures aimed at saving the organisation £1m.

Gatwick - 600 jobs Gatwick airport is to cut up to 600 jobs in response to the “devastating impact” of Covid-19. The redundancies, which represent almost a quarter of the airport’s workforce, come as passenger numbers fell 80pc in August.

Boss Stewart Wingate said: “If anyone is in any doubt about the devastating impact Covid-19 has had on the aviation and travel industry then today’s news we have shared with our staff, regarding the proposed job losses, is a stark reminder.”

General Electric – 369 jobs General Electric is to cut 369 jobs at its aircraft engine maintenance plant in south Wales. The company, which makes jet engines for Boeing and Airbus, blamed the “unprecedented impact of Covid-19”.

Genting – 1,642 jobs The casino company Genting is to cut up to 1,642 jobs at clubs and hotels across the UK owing to Covid-19.

Global Media – unknown According to reports, British media firm Global Media – parent company of radio stations Capital, LBC, Heart, and others – has told staff that there will be substantial job cuts due to the pandemic with redundancies across many areas.

Gourmet Burger Kitchen – 362 jobs Gourmet Burger Kitchen (GBK) is set to close 26 restaurants and axe 362 roles despite being saved from administration.

The chain was bought in a rescue deal by Boparan Restaurant Group, which also snapped Carluccio's out of insolvency earlier in the pandemic.

Grant Thornton – 70 jobs Facing a 20pc fall in profits, professional services firm Grant Thornton cut 70 UK jobs in the firm’s tax and consulting divisions, having refused to take advantage of the Government’s job retention scheme.

Guardian – 180 jobs The Guardian has plans to make UK job cuts in both editorial and commercial roles, due to the economic shock caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The proposals could affect up to 180 jobs – 110 in departments such as advertising, Guardian Jobs, marketing roles, and the Guardian Live events business, with 70 coming from editorial.

Greene King - 800 jobs Brewer and pub chain Greene King has vowed to close 79 sites - of the 3,100 it operates - as a result of the crisis. The industry giant warned the Government’s 10pm curfew has hit the sector with a wrecking ball, and its cuts are a result of the blow to trade.

Sky News reported that the company has now started consultations over 800 jobs. The business will try to move workers to other sites where possible.

Greggs - unknown number Even everybody’s favourite high street baker has warned of possible redundancies, telling investors it predicts demand will remain low for the “foreseeable future” despite a partial recovery in sales by October.

The bakery has entered talks with unions and staff over cutting hours to limit UK job cuts.

Harrods – 680 jobs Harrods is poised to make almost 700 staff members redundant after the luxury department store conceded it has struggled because of the coronavirus pandemic.

In an email circulated to staff, Harrods chief executive Michael Ward said 680 jobs out of its 4,800-strong workforce – around 14pc – will be lost.

Harveys – 1,330 jobs Furniture retailer Harveys has collapsed into administration, putting around 1,330 jobs at risk.

The company’s sister business Bensons for Beds also called in administrators but was immediately bought back by its owner through a so-called pre-pack rescue deal where it is shorn of debts.

Hays Travel – 878 jobs The bosses of Britain’s biggest independent travel agent called on Boris Johnson to save summer by restarting flights to the Spanish islands as they cut up to a fifth of their 4,500-strong workforce. Hays Travel owners John and Irene Hays said some of the 878 jobs at risk could be saved if the Government introduces “regional travel corridors” to the Spanish islands.

Heathrow Airport – up to 25,000 jobs Heathrow Airport chief John Holland-Kaye said that a third of the 76,000 people employed at the airport could be made redundant as it battles to stem losses following a huge collapse in air travel.

While those jobs include those linked to shops operating at the airport, Heathrow has said it would have to cut up to 1,200 of its 4,700 staff as Rishi Sunak's furlough scheme concluded at the end of October.

HSBC – 35,000 (globally) HSBC is resuming a massive redundancy plan that had been put on pause after the outbreak of coronavirus, with 35,000 jobs set to be cut worldwide.

Investec – 210 jobs Investec said it plans to axe 210 jobs at its London headquarters as the banking and wealth management firm warned that profits could fall by up to 60pc in the first half of the year. The company will cut around 13pc of its City-based roles in order to help "simplify and focus the business".

Jaguar Land Rover – 1,100 jobs Jaguar Land Rover plunged to a half-a-billion pound loss in the first three months of the year after sales fell by a third. As a result, 1,100 jobs will be lost.

JCB – 950 jobs JCB is set to cut up to 950 jobs, or 15pc of its UK workforce, after demand for its diggers halved since the coronavirus pandemic began.

Jet2 – 500 jobs Jet2 said it would have to axe nearly 500 staff – more than 100 pilots and about 380 cabin crew – due to the collapse in air travel.

John Lewis – 2,800 jobs John Lewis will permanently close eight of its department stores, making up to 1,300 UK job cuts. The British brand has been hit hard by the pandemic, which arrived as it was trying to simplify its structure anyway to combat sliding profits.

The partnership then announced another 1,500 head office redundancies in November 2020, saying the cuts would save it £50m as it chases £300m in annual savings by 2022.

It also revealed 26-year veteran, finance director Patrick Lewis, the only member of the original founding family left at the chain, will step down at the end of 2020. He lost out to Dame Sharon White for the chairman role earlier this year. Johnson Matthey – 2,500 jobs Manufacturer Johnson Matthey is cutting almost 10pc of its workforce, around 2,500 roles, as it battles the coronavirus downturn.

The redundancies announced alongside its annual results represent more than a sixth of the FTSE 100 company’s workforce going over the coming three years.

Kier – unknown Construction firm Kier has announced more UK job cuts as the financial impact of the coronavirus pandemic has reduced revenue and raised net debt. The contractor expects to reduce costs by £100m by next June. It had previously been looking to reduce costs by £65m by next June, the majority of which comes from cutting 1,200 jobs. The company has not confirmed how many extra jobs have been lost.

Laura Ashley – 2,700 jobs Laura Ashley filed for administration in March after the struggling retailer failed to secure £15m of emergency cash to stay afloat, putting around 2,700 jobs at risk. Laura Ashley blamed coronavirus for its decision.

Le Pain Quotidien – 200 jobs The British arm of the bakery chain Le Pain Quotidien was sold in a pre-pack deal that cost 200 jobs.

LHG Hotels – 1,500 jobs Hotel group LHG announced in August that it plans to cut some 1,500 jobs from its workforce as the company looks to cut costs in response to the coronavirus crisis. LHG runs hotels under brands including Holiday Inn, Crowne Plaza and Hallmark.

LinkedIn – 960 jobs The employment networking site, owned by Microsoft, has announced that it will cut 960 jobs, equivalent to around 6pc of its global workforce. The company stated that reduced demand for its recruitment products as a result of coronavirus was the primary motivation behind the decision.

Lloyds Banking Group – 1,935 jobs Britain's biggest high street bank has revived its restructuring plans by axing 865 jobs, months after it revealed gloomy forecasts for the UK economy.

Lloyds Banking Group will begin shedding the roles from November, although the cuts will be partially offset by the creation of 226 new jobs. Like most of its rivals, the bank froze the shake-up due to the coronavirus crisis but is now reigniting its original plans. Those affected were told earlier in the year they would not lose their jobs before October.

At the start of November Lloyds announced another 1,000 UK job cuts. It said 1,070 roles would go, but that it would create 340 new ones. Unions blasted the redundancies as "shameful" considering the hard work of staff during the crisis.

Lloyds earned over £1bn in pre-tax profit for the three months to September, boosted by mortgage lending, but banks face a difficult end to the year.

London City Airport – 239 jobs London City airport has said that it plans to cut some 239 jobs, equivalent to 35pc of staff, after the airport began a consultation as part of a major restructuring.

Chief executive Robert Sinclair said: “We have held off looking at job losses for as long as possible, but sadly we are not immune from the devastating impact of this virus.”

Luton Airport – 250 jobs The airport, London’s fourth largest, has started consultations with unions to sack 250 jobs – almost 30pc of its workforce – after forecasting a 70pc drop in passenger numbers this year because of the coronavirus pandemic.

M&Co – 380 jobs M&Co has confirmed plans to permanently close down 47 stores and axe 380 jobs as part of a major restructuring via a pre-pack administration deal to secure its long-term future.

Manchester Airports Group - 900 jobs Britain's biggest airport owner, Manchester Airports Group, has warned its staff of plans to axe nearly 900 jobs due to the pandemic.

Passenger levels have fallen by 90pc since the beginning of lockdown, the airport operator, which also owns Stansted and East Midlands airports.

Proposed job cuts would see 465 jobs go at Manchester, 376 disappear at Stansted and 51 axed at East Midlands, subject to union discussions.

Manpower UK – unknown Recruiter Manpower UK has warned that job cuts among its own 1,800 staff are looming as Covid-19 shatters the employment market.

Mark Cahill, its UK boss, said that the firm, which has placed “hundreds” of its staff in the Government’s coronavirus job retention scheme, could be forced to shed workers as support for employers starts to be wound down at the end of next month.

Marks & Spencer – 7,000 jobs Retail giant Marks & Spencer has said it plans to cut around 7,000 jobs over the next three months across stores, regional management and its support centre.

M&S said the plans came after seeing a "material shift" in trade.

Marston's – 2,150 jobs Pub chain Marston's is set to cull more than 2,000 jobs after the Government's latest restrictions on the hospitality industry "undermined" consumer confidence and "created uncertainty".

It has also launched a full review of overhead costs, which will be concluded by the end of the year.

Marston's Marston's pubs are losing staff amid repeated lockdowns in the pandemic CREDIT: Carl Recine/Reuters McLaren – 1,200 jobs Woking-based supercar and Formula 1 racing business McLaren announced in May that more than a quarter of its workforce, around 1,200 jobs, will be slashed. McLaren has been particularly hard hit because the pandemic has halted the Formula 1 racing season, which accounts for a large chunk of its earnings.

Mears – 200 jobs Housing services and construction firm Mears has warned it may have to make job cuts. The firm is set to consult with up to 10pc of its 5,000-strong workforce, with fewer than 200 jobs expected to go.

Meggit – 1,800 jobs British engineering company Meggitt plans to shed about 1,800 jobs as part of a cost-cutting scheme to cope with a contraction in the world’s air travel market due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Monsoon Accessorize – 500 jobs Fashion chain Monsoon Accessorize is to make more than 500 staff redundant after being bought out of administration.

Around 450 jobs have been transferred to new group company Adena Brands, while 35 shops have permanently closed with the loss of 545 jobs.

Mulberry – 500 jobs Almost 500 jobs are at risk at Mulberry as it takes drastic measures to slash costs during the coronavirus crisis.

The upmarket handbag maker said it was being forced to cut staff because the pandemic had hit demand for its products while retail remains closed in the UK.

National Trust – 1,482 jobs Almost 1,500 jobs are due to go at the National Trust as it seeks to slash £100m from its annual costs.

It had already warned of 1,200 redundancies in July 2020, and has since made 514 redundancies after consultation. The UK charity has also said 782 employees have taken voluntary redundancy, as part of measures aimed at saving £59m a year. Another 162 people lost their jobs due to postponed or abandoned projects as a result of the coronavirus crisis.

NatWest – 550 jobs

NatWest has said it will cut up to 550 jobs in bank branches and will close a major London office as it grapples to adapt to the post-Covid world. The taxpayer-backed bank has asked branch staff to apply for voluntary redundancy following dramatic shifts in customer behaviour during the crisis.

News UK-Unknown Rebekah Brooks, chief executive of News UK, wrote to staff on the Sun and the Times titles to announce that “in the coming months, we will need to streamline the business and take some tough decisions, saying goodbye to some valued and talented colleagues”. It is not known exactly how many staff will be let go.

The Sun and The Times newspapers Rupert Murdoch’s newspaper business has begun a major review of costs CREDIT: ALASTAIR GRANT Oak Furnitureland – 163 jobs Oak Furnitureland has revealed plans to shut down 27 showrooms, in a move which will put 163 jobs at risk.

Oasis and Warehouse – 1,800 jobs Oasis and Warehouse were bought out of administration by Hilco in April, resulting in 1,800 UK job cuts.

Ovo Energy – 2,600 jobs The UK’s second largest energy supplier is planning to cut 2,600 jobs following its merger with SSE.

P&O Ferries – 1,100 jobs In March, ferry company P&O Ferries announced it was temporarily laying off 1,100 staff members as the 180-year-old firm teeters on the brink of collapse. The ferry company’s Dubai owner is scrambling to agree a £250m rescue deal that will include cuts to staff’s wages and pensions alongside a Government bailout.

Pendragon – 1,800 jobs Car dealership giant Pendragon has announced plans to cut 1,800 jobs as it looks to close stores and streamline its operations in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. The firm said the virus and subsequent lockdown had “accelerated” a review of its operating model which had already been under way.

Pizza Express – 2,400 jobs Pizza Express, which was founded in 1965, has been put up for sale by its Chinese owners Hony Capital as the pandemic hammers sales. The restaurant chain is planning to close 73 of its UK stores, putting 1,100 jobs at risk.

Later in October the dining establishment warned of another 1,300 redundancies, though no extra closures, as it counted the cost of the 10pm curfew and the three-tier system of restrictions. That was before the Government announced a second month-long national lockdown from Nov. 5.

Show more Pizza Hut – 450 jobs Pizza Hut has announced plans to shut 29 restaurants, putting 450 jobs at risk as it becomes the latest chain to scale back in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.

The company, which has 244 restaurants in the UK, is in talks with creditors over a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) restructuring deal after facing “significant disruption” in the last six months.

Pret a Manger – 2,800 jobs Pret A Manger has announced it is to permanently close 30 of its shops after it experienced “significant operating losses” as a result of the pandemic. The chain will also slash some 2,800 jobs after 10 years of growth were wiped out by the Covid sales crash.

Around 1,000 other roles at Pret were saved when staff members agreed to move to reduced minimum weekly hours.

Quiz – 93 jobs Clothes retailer Quiz is placing the division that runs its 82 standalone stores into administration, putting 93 jobs at risk.

Reach – 550 jobs Daily Mirror and Daily Express newspaper owner Reach plans to axe around 550 jobs or 12pc of its workforce as part of an overhaul to slash costs. The company said the cost-cutting scheme would incur a one-off cost of £20m but would help it save £35m a year.

River Island – 350 jobs High street clothing chain River Island announced that it will slash 350 jobs following a slump in revenues and profits during lockdown.

Robin Hood Energy – 250 jobs Robin Hood Energy was acquired by British Gas in September after falling into debt and struggling with the onset of coronavirus. As a result the company made 250 employees redundant.

Rolls-Royce – 2,200 jobs Rolls-Royce has launched a wave of job cuts in a bid to slash costs. Around 1,500 roles will be shed at the company’s Derby base roles this year, along with at least 700 redundancies at its site in Inchinnan, Scotland.

Further, smaller job cuts will be made around the company’s UK operations as part of a plan to shed 3,000 British jobs this year.

Selfridges - 450 jobs Luxury department store Selfridges is to axe 450 jobs, or 14pc of its workforce, as it warned the recovery from the Covid crisis will be slow.

Anne Pitcher, managing director of Selfridges Group, said sales this year would be "significantly less" compared to 2019, adding that the current year would be "without doubt" the toughest in its recent history.

Shearings – 2,400 jobs Specialist Leisure Group, owner of coach company Shearings, has collapsed into administration, putting around 2,400 jobs at risk.

Travel trade association Abta said the coronavirus pandemic is the main reason for its failure as it battled with thousands of refunds and a stop to new bookings.

Shell – 9,000 jobs (globally) Europe's largest oil company has announced that it will be cutting some 9,000 jobs globally, amounting to around 10pc of its workforce. The statement came following the company's vow earlier this year to embrace green energy and slash its carbon emissions to net zero by 2050, in the latest sign of seismic changes sweeping the oil industry.

SSP – up to 5,000 jobs Upper Crust owner SSP could let go of up to 5,000 people as its seeks to restructure its business in the face of plunging passenger numbers at railway stations and airports.

The job cuts will affect its head office and UK operations, it said.

Swissport – 4,500 jobs Airport ground handling company Swissport is planning to cut more than 4,500 jobs in the UK due to the collapse in air travel.

Chief executive Jason Holt said: “It is true that we’ve seen tough times before – volcanic cloud, 9/11, the financial crisis – and we’ve weathered these. But this time it’s different. We have never seen anything like Covid-19 in our lifetimes.”

Ted Baker – 500 jobs Ted Baker is reportedly planning to make some 500 staff redundant as it struggles to cope with the coronavirus pandemic. The job cuts represent a quarter of its UK workforce, and will take place across both retail and its head office.

The Restaurant Group – up to 3,000 jobs The Restaurant Group is to shut 125 sites as part of a a deal with landlords. Bosses will swing the axe hardest at their Italian-American Frankie and Benny’s division, with up to 3,000 jobs at risk. The closures will leave the chain with just 160 outlets.

Hotels, pubs and restaurants expect a very slow recovery Bar chart with 13 bars. Employment could still be down one-fifth into 2021 View as data table, Hotels, pubs and restaurants expect a very slow recovery The chart has 1 X axis displaying categories. The chart has 1 Y axis displaying % change. Range: -30 to 0. End of interactive chart. TM Lewin – 600 jobs TM Lewin stores will disappear from the high street after it became the latest retailer to collapse into administration at the cost of 600 jobs.

Travelex – 1,300 jobs Troubled foreign exchange provider Travelex struck a rescue deal to stay afloat, but with the loss of more than 1,300 UK jobs.

Travis Perkins – 2,500 jobs Builders merchant Travis Perkins is cutting almost 10pc of its workforce as it battles the coronavirus downturn, amounting to some 2,500 jobs.

Half of the FTSE 250-listed company’s 30,000 staff were furloughed during the lockdown as demand for building materials plunged.

TSB – 969 jobs TSB was accused of throwing staff “on the scrap heap” after it announced plans in September to axe another 164 branches and cut 969 jobs in a fresh blow to the battered high street.

The purge means TSB will shut 246 branches in 2020 and 2021 – cutting total numbers by 46pc in just two years.

Tui – 8,000 jobs (globally) Anglo-German travel and tourism company Tui confirmed in September that it would axe 8,000 jobs after summer bookings fell by more than 80pc and it battles to cut costs but almost a third.

Tui hit out at “continuous changes in travel advice by various governments”, which are hampering attempts to offer holidays and flights, resulting in fresh cuts to capacity.

Vertu Motors – 345 jobs Vertu Motors will make 6pc of its workforce – 345 people – redundant, citing improved efficiencies in car sales administration online.

Robert Forrester, CEO, said: “The Covid crisis has driven an acceleration of technology uptake and we are embracing this trend to futureproof the business. As automation progresses, we have made the difficult decision to reduce group headcount.”

Vice Media – unknown Vice Media Group boss Nancy Dubuc told staff in an internal memo in May that the company was cutting 55 jobs in the US and 100 globally, mostly to its digital operations. It is not known how many roles were in the UK.

“The reality is that some tough decisions had to be made primarily around our digital teams,” she wrote in the memo.

Victoria’s Secret – 800 jobs The UK arm of Victoria’s Secret fell into administration in June, putting more than 800 jobs at risk.

The lingerie retailer, which operates 25 stores in the UK, confirmed that it has called in administrators from Deloitte after being hammered by the coronavirus lockdown.

Virgin Atlantic – 4,150 jobs Virgin Atlantic plans to cut another 1,000 jobs on top of the more than 3,150 jobs it announced four months earlier. The airline has been fighting to secure its future since the Covid-19 pandemic brought scheduled passenger services to a standstill. Ministers snubbed a request for a £500m state loan in April.

Chief executive Shai Weiss said: “We have weathered many storms ... but none has been as devastating as Covid-19.”

Virgin Atlantic has struggled to remain profitable over the years

High street lender Virgin Money will go ahead with plans to shut or merge 52 branches and lay off 300 people after initially putting the overhaul on hold amid the Covid crisis.

The group said the immediate job cuts are 200 fewer than those previously announced due to changes made in response to Covid-19.

Waterstones – unknown Waterstones will make many of its head office staff redundant in the wake of Covid-19, the chain announced. Though it did not reveal how many colleagues would be affected, it has started consulting with those in its Piccadilly head office whose jobs are at risk.

Wetherspoon – 580 jobs Wetherspoon will axe up to 130 roles at its head office as it seeks to cut costs amid the virus-induced downturn in the pub and restaurant sector. The pub chain said between 110 and 130 head office roles are at risk, about a third of the total, including those based in the regions.

In September the pub chain announced plans to sack up to 450 staff as the pandemic continued to wreak havoc on ailing hospitality firms.

Whitbread – 6,000 jobs Premier Inn owner Whitbread has said it will axe as many as 6,000 jobs, with most cuts coming in its hotel arm and a significant proportion expected to be voluntary redundancies. Whitbread, which also owns chains Beefeater and Brewers Fayre, said the cuts are vital to protect its business.

The firm said: "This is a regrettable but necessary step to ensure that we emerge from the crisis with a lower cost base, a more flexible operating model and a stronger more resilient business."

WH Smith – 1,500 jobs WH Smith is planning to cut up to 1,500 jobs as bosses said its recovery from the Covid-19 lockdown has been "slow".

The company said it needed to reduce costs as its shops in airports and train stations are hit by low passenger numbers and its high street stores also suffer from low footfall.

Willmott Dixon – 100 jobs Construction firm Willmott Dixon is to cut around 5pc of its staff after revealing that revenue is expected to be down by 20pc this year.

No specific figure for redundancies was provided by the contractor, but it according to the most recent published accounts the company had 2,132 staff, so 5pc would amount to around 100 roles, according to industry website Construction News.

Yo! Sushi – 250 jobs Sushi restaurant chain Yo! Sushi has said it plans to cut 250 jobs and close down 19 restaurants as part of a company-wide restructure. The chain also announced that it will be launching a company voluntary arrangement (CVA). Announcements continue to be made on a daily basis.

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